Exploring the Potential of Emerging Technologies for Connecting Climate Markets
Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust
The Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust (formerly known as Climate Warehouse) is a global public meta-data layer empowering a new global carbon market infrastructure through a decentralized information technology platform built on blockchain technology. It aims to mobilise climate action toward the Paris Agreement’s objectives by enhancing transparency and environmental integrity of carbon credit transactions and international carbon markets.
By connecting registries together through a decentralized infrastructure, and making the information in the Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust publicly available, it will be possible to identify double-counting risks that can damage the integrity of markets. The data layer created by the Warehouse can be used to support data sharing, and it provides a backbone infrastructure that can support services built by the public and private sectors to support market activity, such as compliance reporting, transacting, and benchmarking services.
To learn more about the CADT, please check the official page: https://climateactiondata.org/
Since 2019, the World Bank has prototyped the Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust and has run three simulations to test the platform with partnering governments and organizations. The simulations have provided for jointly learning about relevant technology and integrating registry systems while co-creating the design, functions, and shared data model for the Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust. The past two simulations ran from August 2019 to December 2021, and the third and final simulation was completed at the end of August 2022.
The Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust's media launch took place on October 26. The official launch was announced on December 7, 2022 at the Asia Climate Summit in Singapore. It is planned to deliver a platform that can integrate multiple carbon credit registries from early next year. Management will be transferred to an independent legal entity created in Singapore, and it will be led by the Council, which consists of government representatives and major carbon registries.
Participants in the Simulation used scenario scripts to test out the prototype, mimicking registry functions while viewing the information displayed through the user interface on all connected registries. Simulation testing enabled participants to try out processes and the data needed to support Article 6.2 of the Paris Agreement, such as the international transfer of mitigation outcomes. This not only informs the specifications needed to build out the Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust, but the minimum requirements that are needed for country registry systems.
Once Operational, the Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust can be used to ease integration between disparate registry systems. Data on projects and units can be easily transferred between systems, and the consolidated information in the Warehouse will provide the basis for compliance reporting and auditing of information. Registries integrating with the Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust are responsible for their projects and the quality of data that they share with the Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust. Through transparently providing information on the lifecycle of projects, their issued units, and the movement of units as they are transferred between registry systems, registries provide assurances through the Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust that units are not being double counted or spent.
The World Bank finalized the third phase of the testing and simulation activities in August 2022. The objective of this phase was to test the Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust on an open-source, interoperable and permissionless public blockchain platform, and develop a prototype to operationalize the Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust consistent with the recommendations from the 6-month consultation on the governance and financing model of the Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust that was completed in February 2022. The consultation was co-convened by the International Emissions Trading Association, the Government of Singapore and the World Bank.
Check the Climate Warehouse Simulation III – Final Report here.
Other market participants
HIS Market, Eco-
Climate Change Coalition
Open Earth Foundation
Check the Observer Node here: https://www.theclimatewarehouse.org/tools/simulation-3
The World Bank has completed the second phase of the testing and simulation activities. This phased focused on testing the utility of the Climate Action Data (CAD) trust functions to track information and identify double counting risks. The testing and simulation also improved understanding of the feasibility of peer-to-peer integration across decentralized registry systems and identified potential minimum data and technical requirements for registry systems.
The second simulation running from November 2019 to December 2021 involved the following active partners:
The governments of:
Japan, Chile, Singapore, Peru, Costa Rica, Switzerland
The following International Standards:
The Gold Standard, Verra, American Carbon Reserve, Climate Action Reserve, and Global Carbon Council
The following sub-national actors:
Kenya Electricity Generating Company (KenGen), Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL)
EcoRegistry, BV Rio
From August 2019 to November 2019, the World Bank completed the first phase of the testing and simulation activities. The Climate Action Data (CAD) trust decentralized meta-registry system showed potential to provide an inclusive platform to connect the different country and institutional registry systems and support much-needed visibility to climate activities, and enhance overall market activity transparency.
The first simulation involved the following active partners:
The governments of:
Invitation to Collaborate
Invitation to Collaborate
The Climate Warehouse team continues to support the effort to provide open-source infrastructure for climate market activities.
The World Bank has finalized the third and final phase of the testing and simulation with the Chia blockchain platform to run the Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust on an interoperable, public, and permissionless blockchain. The collaboration with Chia Network is based on the principles of non-exclusiveness and open-sourced public goods, bears no costs or intellectual property rights from the World Bank, and aims to promote interoperability. The World Bank conducted a technical assessment with a consortium of experts to discuss and review the Chia White Paper to determine whether and how Chia blockchain meets the requirements of the Climate Action Data (CAD). Please find here the latest version of the Chia White Paper, which incorporates the feedback received during the technical review. In previous simulation phases, the Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust was tested on private Ethereum, Hyperledger, and blockchain as a service with Kaleido.
The World Bank recognizes the rapid technological innovation in this space and the emergence of new platforms and will continue to assess the opportunities of using emerging technologies and platforms to support transparency, reduce transaction costs and maintain the integrity of climate markets. The opportunities include support for developing an end-to-end ecosystem that encompasses digital MRV at the project/program level and relevant protocols; real-time data flow through dMRV to the national MRV and registry systems and finally connectivity with the Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust or another infrastructure element.
Any interested stakeholders with well-developed white paper(s) and implementation models that support above mentioned objectives and are open to collaborate through a non-exclusive, no-fee arrangement, using an open-source platform with low environmental impact that promotes functionality, interoperability, sustainability, and inclusiveness of carbon registries and climate markets are invited to reach out at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Climate Warehouse Simulation 1
Simulation I - Connecting Climate Market Systems
The Paris Agreement introduced a bottom-up approach for addressing climate change by enabling countries to pledge individual commitments through nationally determined contributions (NDCs). Furthermore, Article 6 of the Paris Agreement recognizes that Parties may engage in bilateral cooperative approaches, including through the use of internationally transferred mitigation outcomes (ITMOs), to achieve their NDCs. In the first phase, the project identified potential prerequisites and requirements of Article 6.2 and conducted a pilot simulation of a prototype to test blockchain's utility as the underpinning platform technology to connect heterogeneous registries to track units and avoid double counting issues across those registries.
Webinar: Emerging Digital Technologies for Post-2020 Climate Markets
Climate Warehouse Simulation 2
Simulation II – Connecting Climate Market Systems
The second phase of the Climate Action Data (CAD) Trust prototype development, which built on lessons learned from the simulation phase I, focused on testing the meta-data layer infrastructure with updated data fields. One of new features of the second phase prototype is the provision of an auxiliary application which mimics the minimum functions of a registry and thereby enables participation by country participants that currently do not have a registry. The second simulation involved broader participation, establishing 16 registry nodes and over 20 observer nodes.
Climate Warehouse Simulation 3
Simulation III – Connecting Climate Market Systems
The third phase of the Climate Action Data (CAD) trust prototype development, which builds on the lessons learned and findings from Simulation II, aimed to test the Climate Action Data (CAD) trust on an open source, interoperable and permissionless public blockchain platform, and develop a minimum viable product to operationalize the Climate Action Data (CAD) trust consistent with the recommendations from the 6-month consultation on the governance and financing model of the Climate Action Data (CAD) trust that was completed in February 2022. The consultation was co-convened by the International Emissions Trading Association, the Government of Singapore and the World Bank.